Namen


P

P., Gerhard (Allerseelen) |2|
P., Mad Man (Pseudonym) |2| |2|
P., Martin (Pseudonym) |2|
P., S. (wahrscheinlich ein Kürzel-Pseudonym für => P., Z.) |2| |2| |2|
P., Z. |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Pacal (von Palenque) |2|
Pachmann, Ludek |2|
Pachauri, Rajenda |2|
Pachelbel, Johann |&|
Pacher, Michael |2|
Pachomius der Eremit |2| |2|
Packard, David |2|
Packard, Vance |2| |2| |2|
Pader (Pseudonym) |2|
Padower, Saul |2|
Page, Jimmy |2| |2|
Page, Walter Hines |2|
Paglia, Camilla |2|
Pahlewi, Mohammed Reza, Schah von Persien |2| |2|
Paige, K. E. |2| |2|
Paionios |2|
Pajdak, Karolina |2|
Paladin (Pseudonym) |2|
Palàgyi, Melchior |&|
Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi (da) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Palin, Sarah |2|
Palm, Johann Philipp |&|
Palzer, Thomas |2|
Pamuk, Orhan |2|
Panaitios |2| |2| |&|
Pandel, Hans-Jürgen |&|
Pandora (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Pang, Liu |2|
Panine, Dimitri |2|
Panini |2| |&|
Pankraz => Zehm, Günter
Pannwitz, Rudolf |&|
Pantle, Christian |&|
Panzer, Volker |2| |&|
Papademos, Lucas |2|
Papandreou, Giorgios |2| |2|
Papen, Franz von |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Papier, Hans-Jürgen |2| |2| |2|
Papin, Denis |2|
Papon, Maurice |2| |2|
Papst (Pseudonym) |2|
Papst der Anti-Viren (Pseudonym) |2| |4|
Papst, Waldemar |2|
Paquet, Alfons |2|
Paracelsus = >Theophrast Bombast von Hohenheim (Paracelsus)
Paradebeispiel (Pseudonym) |2|
Pareto, Vilfredo Federico (eigentlich: Wilfried Fritz) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Park Chung Hee |2| |2|
Parkinson, Cyril Northcote |2|
Parler, Peter |2|
Parmenides |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Parncutt, Richard |2|
Parrot, Matt |2|
Parsche, Rüdiger |2|
Parsons, Charles |2|
Parsons, Craig |2|
Parsons, Talcott |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Parvus-Helphand, Alexander |2|
Pascal, Blaise |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Pascha, Enwer |2|
Pascha, Mustafa Kemal => Atatürk, Kemal
Pascha, Talat |2|
Paschalis (Päpste I-II; Gegenpäpste [I und III]) |2|
Paschalis II. (Papst) |2| |2|
Pascual-Leone, Juan |2|
Patanjali |2|
Paterculus => Velleius Paterculus, Gajus
Patinkin, Don |2|
Patruschew, Nikolai |2|
Pattenden, Colin |2| |2|
Patzer (Pseudonym) |2|
Pätzold, T. |2|
Paul (Päpste I-VI) |2|
Paul III. (Papst) |2| |2|
Paul V. (Papst) |2|
Paul VI. (Papst) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Paul, Andreas |2|
Paul, Ralf |2| |2|
Paul, Ron |2|
Paul, Sabine |2| |2|
Pauli, Wilhelm |2|
Pauli, Wolfgang |2| |&|
Paulson, Hank |2|
Paulson, Henry |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Paulus (eigentlich: Saulus) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Paulus (Paullus), Aemilius => Aemilius Paulus (Paullus)
Paulus Diaconus |2| |2| |&|
Paulus, Jochen |2| |2| |2| |2|
Paulwitz, Michael |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Paulwitz, Thomas |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pauly, August |&|
Paumann, Konrad |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Pauper, Artful the ( Pseudonym) |2| |2|
Pausanias |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pausanias (spartanischer Heerführer) |2| |2| |2|
Pavelic, Ante |2|
Pavlov, Iwan Petrowitsch |2| |2| |&|
Pawelec, Graham |2|
Paxton, Joseph |2|
Paz, Octavio |&|
Peabody, George Foster |2|
Peano, Giuseppe |2|
Pearl, Raymond |2|
Peat, F. David |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pechstein, Matthias |2|
Pechstein, Max |2|
Pedersen, Holger |&|
Pedersen, Stephen C. |2|
Peek, Kim |2| |2|
Peel, Robert |2|
Pei, Ts'ao |2|
Peirce, Charles Sanders |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Peisistratus (latinisiert: Pisistratus) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Peitgen, Heinz Otto |2| |2| |2| |&|
Peitho (Pseudonym) => Satyr / Peitho (Pseudonyme)
Pelagius |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Pelagius (Päpste I-II) |2|
Pelewin, Viktor |2|
Penck, Albrecht |2|
Peng Te-huai |2|
Penn, William |2|
Penndorf, Balduin |2|
Penner, Rolf |2|
Penrose, Roger |2| |2| |2|
Pepis II. |2|
Perdikkas |2|
Perelman, Chaïm |2|
Perger, Werner A. |2|
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista |2| |2|
Perikles |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Peripheral (Pseudonym) |2|
Periskop (Pseudonym) |2|
Perkin |2|
Perle, Richard |2|
Peron, Juan Domingo |2|
Perotinus Magnus |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Perrault, Gilles |2|
Perrin, Jean-Baptiste |2|
Perseus, König von Makedonien |2| |2|
Pershing, John Joseph |2| |2| |2|
Pertinax |2| |2| |2|
Pescennius Niger |2| |2|
Peschel, Oscar Ferdinand |2| |2|
Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich |2| |&|
Peter, Joachim |2| |2| |2| |&|
Peter der Große |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Peter von Amiens |2| |2|
Peter II. von Aragon |2| |2|
Peter von Arberg |&|
Peter von Castelnau |2| |2|
Peter von Reichenbach |&|
Peters, Carl |&|
Peters, Ralph |2|
Peters, Wilhelm |2|
Peterson, Baird |2|
Peterson, Erik |2| |2|
Peterson, Peter G. |2|
Pétion, Anne Alexandre |2|
Petit, Philippe |2|
Petraeus, David H. |2|
Petrarca, Francesco |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Petras, James |2|
Petrides, Pedro E. |2|
Petronius (Titus oder Gaius Petronius) |2| |2| |&|
Petronius Maximus |2|
Petrov, N. K. |2|
Petrus |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Petrus Lombardus |2|
Petrus Peregrinus |2|
Petzet, Heinrich Wiegand |&|
Peuckert, Rüdiger |2|
Peuerbach, Georg |&|
Peukert, Detlef |2| |&|
Peurbach, Georg => Peuerbach, Georg
Peutinger, Konrad |2| |2| |&|
Peymann, Claus |2| |2|
Pfaff, William |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pfaffenbach, Bernd |2|
Pfaffenbach, Kai |2|
Pfefferkorn, Johannes |&|
Pfeiffer, Friedhelm |2|
Pfeiffer, Georg |2| |2|
Pfeiffer, Ulrich |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pfeil, Armin (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |4|
Pfeil, Hans |&|
Pfemfert, Franz |2|
Pfennig, Mark (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |4|
Pfennigehrer (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |4|
Pfister, Christian |2| |2| |&|
Pfitzner, Hans |2|
Pfizer, Karl |2|
Pfleiderer, Edmund |2|
Pfleumer |2|
Pflüger, Friedbert |2|
Phaidon |2| |2| |2| |2|
Phaidros |2| |2| |2|
Pharaoh ( Pseudonym) |2|
Pharnaces (Pharnakes) II. von Pontus |2|
Phidias |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Philipp II. August, König von Frankreich |2|
Philipp II., König von Makedonien |2| |2| |2|
Philipp II., König von Spanien |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Philipp V., König von Makedonien |2| |2| |2|
Philipp V., König von Spanien |2| |2|
Philipp der Schöne |2| |2|
Philipp von Schwaben, deutscher König und Kaiser |2| |2|
Philippikos |2|
Phillips, Anthony |2|
Phillips, Melanie |2|
Philippus (Gegenpapst) |2|
Philippus Arabs |2| |2|
Philolaos |2| |&|
Philon der Jude |2| |2| |2| |2|
Philon von Byzanz |2|
Philopoimen (Philopömen) |2|
Philsopho, Sophophilia (Pseudonym bzw. Nickname) |2| |2| |4|
Phoenix 21 (Pseudonym) |2|
Phokas |2|
Phoneutria (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Phophosil (Pseudonym) |2| |4|
Photios |2| |2| |2|
Phred the Phuckhead (Pseudonym) => Idioticidioms (Pseudonym)
Phyllo (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Physiognomika-Verfasser (unbekannt) |&|
Physiologus-Verfasser (unbekannt) |&|
Piaget, Jean |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Piazzi, Giuseppe |&|
Piccard, Auguste |2|
Piccolomini, Ene Silvio de => Pius II. (Papst)
Picht, Georg |&|
Pickens, T. Boone |2| |2|
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni |2|
Picot, François Georges |2| |2|
Piedel (Pseudonym) |2|
Piepenburg, Dieter |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Pierce, Franklin |2|
Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste |2|
Pigou, Arthur Cecil |2|
Pike, Albert |2| |2| |2|
Pilatus (Pontius Pilatus) |2| |2| |2|
Pilgrim Tom (Pseudonym) => Tom, Pilgrim (Pseudonym)
Pille, Rote (Pseudonym) |2|
Pilsudski, Josef (eigenlich: Klemens, Josef) |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pimentel, David John |2|
Pincus, Gregory Goodwin |2|
Pinay, Antoine |2|
Pinder, Wilhelm |2|
Pindar (Pindaros) von Theben |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pining, Didrik |2| |2| |2|
Pinker, Steven |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pinker, Susan |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pinkwart, Andreas |2|
Pinochet Ugarte, Augusto |2|
Pinsker, Leon |2|
Pinter, Stephen |2|
Pinto |2|
Pipes, Daniel |2| |&|
Pipinelis, Panagiotis |2|
Pippin I. |2|
Pippin II. |2|
Pippin III. (d. J.) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pirckheimer, Willibald |2| |2| |&|
Pisistratus => Peisistratos)
Piso, Lucius Calpurnius |2|
Pissaro, Camille |2|
Pit (Pseudonym) |2|
Pitt, Brad |2|
Pitt, William d.Ä. |2|
Pitt, William d.Ä. |2|
Pius (Päpste I-XII) |2|
Pius II. (Papst; Piccolomini, Ene Silvio de) |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pius IV. (Papst) |2| |2|
Pius VI. (Papst) |2| |2| |4| |2|
Pius IX. (Papst) |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4|
Pius X. (Papst) |2| |4|
Pius XI. (Papst) |2| |2| |4| |2|
Pius XII. (Papst) |2| |2| |4|
Pizarro, Francisco |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pizzey, Erin |2|
Place, Francis |2|
Placida => Galla Placida
Planck, Max |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Plant, Robert |2| |2| |4|
Plateau, J. |2|
Platen-Hallermünde, Karl August Georg Maximilian von |&|
Platner, Ernst |2|
Platon (Plato; eigentlich: Aristokles) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Platospuppy (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Platter, Thomas |&|
Platzek, Matthias |2|
Plautus (Titus Maccius) |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plechanov, Georgij W. |2|
Plenge, Johann |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plessner, Helmuth |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plichta, Peter |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plickert, Philip |&|
Plinius d. Ä. (Gaius Plinius Secundus) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plinius d. J. (Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Ploetz, Alfred |&|
Ploetz, Karl |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Plomin, R. |2|
Plotinos |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Plünnecke, Axel |2|
Plutarchos (Mestrius Plutarchus) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Pocher, Oliver |2|
Poe, Edgar Allan |&|
Pöggeler, Otto |&|
Poggendorff, Johann Christian |&|
Poggio Bracciolini, Gian Francesco |&|
Pohl, Britta |2| |2| |&|
Pohl, Rüdiger |2|
Pöhl, Karl Otto |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pöhlmann, Robert von |2| |2| |&|
Poincaré, Henri |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Poincaré, Henri Jules |2|
Poisson, Jeanne-Antoinette |2|
Polanyi, Karl Paul |2|
Polanyi, Michael |2|
Polarisator (Pseudonym) |2|
Polin, Claude |2|
Politik, Falsche (Pseudonym) |2| |2|
Polk, James K. |2|
Pollard, Nick |2| |2|
Polleit, Thorsten |2| |2|
Pollock, Friedrich |2|
Polo, Marco |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pol Pot |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Polybios (latinisiert: Polybius) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Polygnot |2| |2|
Polykarp von Smyrna |2|
Polyklet |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pomeroy, Sarah |2|
Pomian, Krzystof |2| |2|
Pommer, Der |2| |2|
Pompadour, Marquise de => Poisson, Jeanne-Antoinette
Pompejus (Gnaeus Pompeius) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Pömpelmann, Olaf (Pseudonym) |2|
Pomponazzi, Pietro |2|
Pompeckj, Josef |2|
Pompidou, Georges |2| |2|
Ponce de Léon, Juan |2|
Pontianus (Papst) |2|
Ponty, Jean-Luc |2|
Ponzi, Charles A. |2|
Pope, Alexander |2| |2| |2|
Popheroe (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2|
Popp, Andreas |&|
Pöppelmann, Matthäus Daniel |2| |2| |2|
Popper (Pseudonym) |2|
Popper, Karl Raimund |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Poppo, Graf von Brixen (Papst Damasus II.) |2| |2|
Porphyrios |&|
Porsche, Ferdinand |2|
Porta, Johann Baptista |&|
Portele, Gerhard |2| |&|
Portmann, Adolf |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Poseidonios |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Posener, Alan |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Posener, Paul |&|
Posner, R. A. |2|
Posthuma, Danielle |2|
Postman, Neil |2| |2| |&|
Pot, Pol => Pol Pot
Pothorst, Hans |2| |2| |2|
Pott, August Friedrich |&|
Pöttering, Hans Gert |&
Poujade, Pierre |2| |2|
Poul, Ron (Pseudonym) |2|
Poullain, Ludwig |2|
Pound, Ezra |2|
Poussin, Nicolas |2|
Powell, Colin |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Powell, Cozy |2|
Powell, Walter |2|
Prantl, Heribert |2|
Pratinas von Phleos |&|
Praun, Paulus II. |2|
Praun, Stephan III. |2|
Praxiteles |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Precht, Richard D. |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Preisendörfer, P. |2| |2| |2|
Preobrazhensky, E. |2| |2|
Presley, Elvis |2|
Pressac, Jean-Claude |2| |2| |&|
Pretz, Florian |2| |2|
Price, George Robert |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Price, Huw |2|
Priddat, Birger P. |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Priem, Arnulf |2|
Priester, W. |2| |2| |&|
Prigogine, Ilya |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Primakov, Jewgeni |2|
Prince, Charles |2| |2|
Pringle, Nicholas |2|
Priscianus |2| |&|
Prismatic 567 (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Pritzger, Andreas |2| |&|
Probst, Ernst |2| |&|
Probus |2| |2|
Prodi, Romano |2|
Prodikos |2| |2| |&|
Proenneke, Richard L. („Dick“) |2|
Project 2501 (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |2| |2|
Proklos (auch: Diadochos Proklos; latinisiert: Diadochus Proclus) |2| |&|
Prollius, Michael von |2|
Promp, Detlev |2| |&|
Prophet 534 (Pseudonym) |2| |4|
Protagoras |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Protopotov, Alexander |2|
Proudhon, Pierre Joseph |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Proust, Marcel |&|
Prowe, Leopold |2| |2| |2| |&|
Psammetich I. |2|
Psammetich II. |2|
Psocholyge |2| |4|
Psochytheurapet |2| |4|
Psochytheurepat |2| |4|
Psychiater (Pseudonym) |2| |4|
Ptolemaios (Ptolemaeus, Ptolemäus, I-XV) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2|
Ptolemaios (Ptolemaeus, Ptolemäus), Claudius |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Puccini, Giacomo |2|
Pückler-Muskau, Hermann Fürst von |&|
Pufendorf, Samuel von |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |&|
Puget, Pierre |2|
Punker (Pseudonym) |2| |2| |4|
Punker, Sir Karl Raimund (Pseudonym) |2| |4|
Pulitzer, Joseph |2| |2|
Puppel, Fritz |2| |2|
Purbach, Georg => Peuerbach, Georg
Purcell, Henry |2|
Purdy, Jedediah |2|
Purischkewitsch, Wladimir M. |2|
Pusch, Luise F. |2|
Putin, Wladimir |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4|
Putnam, Robert |2| |&|
Puttkammer, Jesco von |&|
Pütz, Josef |2|
Puységur, Armand Marie Jacques de |2|
Pyrrhon (von Elis; auch: Pyrrho) |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |&|
Pyrrhos (Pyrrhus) |2|
Pythagoras |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |2| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |4| |&|
Pytheas |2| |2| |&|

NACH OBEN

NACH OBEN